Those of you who have visited the blog before will be aware that I have a bit of a thing for exploring the Bible in the visual arts (see our annual December Advent offerings, for example, or some previous posts here, here, and here). So I’m thrilled this year to be teaching on this very topic. Titled Danger and Desire: The Bible and Visual Culture, this brand new course will introduce students to the concept of visual exegesis, showing them how visual images (including art, film, TV, and advertising) can be valuable tools for the biblical interpreter to use in their readings of biblical stories, themes and, characters. These pictorial presentations of the biblical material are rather like biblical commentaries or scholarly articles in visual form – the image maker is an interpreter of the text, not merely its illustrator. And, through their particular visual media, they gift to us fascinating retellings of the biblical stories, multicoloured afterlives of biblical characters, and reflections on biblical themes that can at times be thrilling, surprising, and even challenging.
In case I’ve whetted your interest, I’ve listed the course description and lecture topics below, along with a very select bibliography of some resources we’ll be using. And, as the course progresses, I’ll share with you some of the insights that I get from each lecture, not to mention some of the wonderful images we’ll be looking at each week.
Danger and Desire: The Bible and Visual Culture
An exploration of the ways that biblical characters, themes, and stories have been represented in the visual arts, including fine art, advertising, and film. Students will consider the interrelationship between biblical and cultural texts, learning various methods of biblical interpretation which utilise visual images as interpretive tools to make new sense of the biblical traditions and their history of interpretation.
- Introduction to visual exegesis and hermeneutical aesthetics
- Sin, sexuality, and selling power: Adam and Eve in art and advertising
- Don’t lose your head: Judith and Salome as biblical femmes fatales
- Querying masculinities: exploring biblical ambiguities in the visual arts (David and Jonathan; Jacob wrestling with the man at Jabbok)
- Querying femininities: exploring more biblical ambiguities in the visual arts (Ruth and Naomi)
- Highlighting or hiding the abject body? Hagar in art
- Bathing beauties and peeping toms: Bathsheba and Susanna in art
- Giving shape to suffering: the book of Job in art (focus on William Blake and Samuel Bak)
- Retelling familiar tales: the parable of the good Samaritan in art and on screen
- Visualizing the (masculine) holy: Jesus and messiah imagery in art, film, and advertising
Adams, Ann Jensen. Rembrandt’s Bathsheba Reading King David’s Letter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Allison, Dale C. Jr., Christine Helmer, Thomas Römer, Choon-Leong Seow, Barry Dov Walfish, and Eric Ziolkowski (eds.) Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2009-
Clines, David J. and J. Cheryl Exum (eds.). Biblical Reception (2012-2013).
Clanton, Dan. Daring, Disreputable, and Devout: Interpreting the Bible’s Women in the Arts and Music. New York: T&T Clark, 2009.
Edwards, Katie B. Admen and Eve: The Bible in Contemporary Advertising. The Bible in the Modern World, 48. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2012.
Exum, J. Cheryl. The Bible in Film: The Bible and Film. Leiden: Brill, 2006.
Exum, J. Cheryl. Plotted, Shot, and Painted: Cultural Representations of Biblical Women. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2012 (2nd edn).
Exum, J. Cheryl and Ela Nutu (eds.). Between the Text and the Canvas: The Bible and Art in Dialogue. The Bible in the Modern World, 13. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2009
Harvey, John. The Bible as Visual Culture: When Text Becomes Image. The Bible in the Modern World, 57. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2013.
Joynes, Christine E. (ed.). Perspectives on the Passion: Encountering the Bible through the Arts. London: T&T Clark, 2007.
O’Kane, Martin (ed.). Bible Art Gallery. The Bible in the Modern World, 21. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2011.
________ (ed.). Imaging the Bible: An Introduction to Biblical Art. London: SPCK, 2008.
________. Painting the Text: The Artist as Biblical Interpreter. The Bible in the Modern World, 8. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2009.
Renan, Ernest. Christ in Art. New York: Parkstone International, 2010.
Rowland, Christopher. Blake and the Bible. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010.
Terrien, Samuel. The Iconography of Job through the Centuries: Artists as Biblical Interpreters. University Park: PSU Press, 1996.